GET direct_messages

Returns the 20 most recent direct messages sent to the authenticating user. Includes detailed information about the sender and recipient user. You can request up to 200 direct messages per call, and only the most recent 200 DMs will be available using this endpoint.

Important: This method requires an access token with RWD (read, write & direct message) permissions. Consult The Application Permission Model for more information.

Resource URL

https://api.twitter.com/1.1/direct_messages.json

Resource Information

Response formats JSON
Requires authentication? Yes (user context only)
Rate limited? Yes
Requests / 15-min window (user auth) 15

Parameters

Name Required Description Default Value Example
since_id optional Returns results with an ID greater than (that is, more recent than) the specified ID. There are limits to the number of Tweets which can be accessed through the API. If the limit of Tweets has occured since the since_id, the since_id will be forced to the oldest ID available.   12345
max_id optional Returns results with an ID less than (that is, older than) or equal to the specified ID.   54321
count optional Specifies the number of direct messages to try and retrieve, up to a maximum of 200. The value of count is best thought of as a limit to the number of Tweets to return because suspended or deleted content is removed after the count has been applied.   5
include_entities optional The entities node will not be included when set to false .   false
skip_status optional When set to either true , t or 1 statuses will not be included in the returned user objects.    

Example Request

GET https://api.twitter.com/1.1/direct_messages.json?since_id=240136858829479935&count=1

Example Response

[
{
    "created_at": "Mon Aug 27 17:21:03 +0000 2012",
    "entities": {
        "hashtags": [],
        "urls": [],
        "user_mentions": []
    },
    "id": 240136858829479936,
    "id_str": "240136858829479936",
    "recipient": {
        "contributors_enabled": false,
        "created_at": "Thu Aug 23 19:45:07 +0000 2012",
        "default_profile": false,
        "default_profile_image": false,
        "description": "Keep calm and test",
        "favourites_count": 0,
        "follow_request_sent": false,
        "followers_count": 0,
        "following": false,
        "friends_count": 10,
        "geo_enabled": true,
        "id": 776627022,
        "id_str": "776627022",
        "is_translator": false,
        "lang": "en",
        "listed_count": 0,
        "location": "San Francisco, CA",
        "name": "Mick Jagger",
        "notifications": false,
        "profile_background_color": "000000",
        "profile_background_image_url": "http://a0.twimg.com/profile_background_images/644522235/cdjlccey99gy36j3em67.jpeg",
        "profile_background_image_url_https": "https://si0.twimg.com/profile_background_images/644522235/cdjlccey99gy36j3em67.jpeg",
        "profile_background_tile": true,
        "profile_image_url": "http://a0.twimg.com/profile_images/2550226257/y0ef5abcx5yrba8du0sk_normal.jpeg",
        "profile_image_url_https": "https://si0.twimg.com/profile_images/2550226257/y0ef5abcx5yrba8du0sk_normal.jpeg",
        "profile_link_color": "000000",
        "profile_sidebar_border_color": "000000",
        "profile_sidebar_fill_color": "000000",
        "profile_text_color": "000000",
        "profile_use_background_image": false,
        "protected": false,
        "screen_name": "s0c1alm3dia",
        "show_all_inline_media": false,
        "statuses_count": 0,
        "time_zone": "Pacific Time (US & Canada)",
        "url": "http://cnn.com",
        "utc_offset": -28800,
        "verified": false
    },
    "recipient_id": 776627022,
    "recipient_screen_name": "s0c1alm3dia",
    "sender": {
        "contributors_enabled": true,
        "created_at": "Sat May 09 17:58:22 +0000 2009",
        "default_profile": false,
        "default_profile_image": false,
        "description": "I taught your phone that thing you like.  The Mobile Partner Engineer @Twitter. ",
        "favourites_count": 584,
        "follow_request_sent": false,
        "followers_count": 10621,
        "following": false,
        "friends_count": 1181,
        "geo_enabled": true,
        "id": 38895958,
        "id_str": "38895958",
        "is_translator": false,
        "lang": "en",
        "listed_count": 190,
        "location": "San Francisco",
        "name": "Sean Cook",
        "notifications": false,
        "profile_background_color": "1A1B1F",
        "profile_background_image_url": "http://a0.twimg.com/profile_background_images/495742332/purty_wood.png",
        "profile_background_image_url_https": "https://si0.twimg.com/profile_background_images/495742332/purty_wood.png",
        "profile_background_tile": true,
        "profile_image_url": "http://a0.twimg.com/profile_images/1751506047/dead_sexy_normal.JPG",
        "profile_image_url_https": "https://si0.twimg.com/profile_images/1751506047/dead_sexy_normal.JPG",
        "profile_link_color": "2FC2EF",
        "profile_sidebar_border_color": "181A1E",
        "profile_sidebar_fill_color": "252429",
        "profile_text_color": "666666",
        "profile_use_background_image": true,
        "protected": false,
        "screen_name": "theSeanCook",
        "show_all_inline_media": true,
        "statuses_count": 2608,
        "time_zone": "Pacific Time (US & Canada)",
        "url": null,
        "utc_offset": -28800,
        "verified": false
    },
    "sender_id": 38895958,
    "sender_screen_name": "theSeanCook",
    "text": "booyakasha"
}
]