POST media/upload

Overview

Use this endpoint to upload images to Twitter. It returns a media_id which can be used in most Twitter endpoints that accept images. For example, a media_id value can be used to create a Tweet with an attached photo using the statuses/update endpoint.

This is a simple image upload endpoint, with a limited set of features. The preferred alternative is the chunked upload endpoint which supports both images and videos, provides better reliability, allows resumption of file uploads, and other important features. In the future, new features will only be supported for the chunked upload endpoint.

See the Uploading media guide for constraints and requirements on media files.

Use the media metadata endpoint to provide image alt text information.

Ensure the POST is a multipart/form-data request. Either upload the raw binary (media parameter) of the file, or its base64-encoded contents (media_data parameter). Use raw binary when possible, because base64 encoding results in larger file sizes

The response provides a media identifier in the media_id (64-bit integer) and media_id_string (string) fields. Use the media_id_string provided in the API response from JavaScript and other languages that cannot accurately represent a long integer.

The returned media_id is only valid for expires_after_secs seconds. Any attempt to use media_id after this time period in other endpoints will result in an HTTP 4xx Bad Request.

The additional_owners field enables media to be uploaded media as user A and then used to create Tweets as user B.

Resource URL

https://api.twitter.com/1.1/statuses/update.json

Resource Information

Response formats JSON
Requires authentication? Yes (user context only)
Rate limited? Yes

Parameters

Name Required Description Default Value Example
media required The raw binary file content being uploaded. Cannot be used with media_data.    
media_data required The base64-encoded file content being uploaded. Cannot be used with media.    
additional_owners optional A comma-separated list of user IDs to set as additional owners allowed to use the returned media_id in Tweets or Cards. Up to 100 additional owners may be specified.    

Example Request

POST https://upload.twitter.com/1.1/media/upload.json

Example Response

{
  "media_id": 710511363345354753,
  "media_id_string": "710511363345354753",
  "size": 11065,
  "expires_after_secs": 86400,
  "image": {
    "image_type": "image/jpeg",
    "w": 800,
    "h": 320
  }
}